The system of tribe being

The basic until for the Kyrgyz society was a family - tutun (literally - smoke, i.e., those cooking independently') Next-uulu, `sons`, with common predecessor, often back to the 7th generation. Their number varied from several dozens to several hundreds of families. A union of several uulu - generation of sons formed uruk - clan of blood relatives with further set common predecessor. A tribe, uruu contained several uruk - clans.

Manufacturing and other economic activities of a clan in Kyrgyzstan was the basic source of life for the Kyrgyz lacking that unity, having common blood -relations, people would fail to perform their main functions and life for many centuries. Social scientist from the 1920s, and up to recent years, following obvious reasons, almost anonymously, «proved» the development of classes and tough exploitation within Kyrgyz society, already in the middle Ages.  Nevertheless, the analysis of earlier sources, not yet «backed» by the notorious classes approach, as well as an honest analysis  of other materials (including Communist party's documents of the first years of Soviet power) would confirm, that by the beginning  of the 20th century, the Kyrgyz property was only formally private and in reality - communal. In the first place this relates to the land acquisition.

A book «The Kyrgyz and Kara-Kyrgyz of Syrdaria oblast» published under the name General Governor N.I.Grodekov (real author A.N. Vneshnegorodski, who made researches in Auleata uezd (district), seconded by Governor Grodekov) says that «no one can borrow a pasture from an honored clan of the nomad Kyrgyz. One can ask: «I have no pasture, let me be your neighbour (konshulash). Having been refused, you cannot do anything about it»


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