Naryn - the center of the Inner Tien-Shan. Located on the left bank of the Naryn River at an altitude of 2,000 m above sea level. The town was founded in 1867 to place a small military fort guarding the trade route from Pishpek (Bishkek) to Kashgar (Western China). Today it is cultural and economic center of the Naryn region, the only city in the region. There are food processing and light industries, schools, college, music and drama theater.
Kyrgyzstan - the land of giant mountains. About 90% of the country lies at an altitude of 1000 m above sea level. Major mountain ranges include the systems of Kyrgyzstan Tien Shan and Pamir-Alai. In the mountainous site in Central Tien Shan is Victory Peak (7439 m). Climate - continental - with warm summers and cold winters, high contrast seasonal and daily temperatures. Warmest in the valleys, where the average temperature in July +25 ° C, and in January -4, -19 ° C. In the midlands and the highlands of the temperature drop. Zhechuzhina Kyrgyzstan - Issyk-Kul ("Hot Lake"). "Precious aquamarine rimmed mountain snow" - so called it a well-known Russian traveler PP Semenov-Tyan-Shan. The lake lies at an altitude of 1600 m above sea level, and never freezes. A wonderful climate of the coast (no harsh winters and grueling summer heat), crystal clear air, abundance of sandy beaches - all this attracts tourists.
On the territory of modern Kyrgyzstan known archaeological sites relating to the early history of mankind. Here were found tools of primitive man, dating back to the Stone Age. By the III - II millennium BC. Oe. are the first evidence of the emergence of agriculture and animal husbandry, development of metal production. In the middle of I millennium AD. Oe. territory of the republic was part of the Western Turkic Khanate, whose center - the city Suyab - was in the valley of the river Chu. Since that time the mass migration to the region of various Turkic tribes (common Turgis, Karluk, etc.). In X - XIII centuries. the territory of Kyrgyzstan was part of the state Karakhanid, one of the centers of which - a city located in the Seven Rivers Balasagun, near the present city of Tokmak.
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