Flora of Kyrgyzstan is very diverse, not less than one quarter of all species are endemic. Tien Shan is characterized by a forest belt of the Tien Shan spruce, which is above is replaced by thickets of juniper and subalpine meadows. In the northern mountains framing the Ferghana Valley are preserved in some places nut wood (walnut). In high prevalent subalpine and alpine meadows that have been used for many years under the summer pastures for sheep. At the highest levels of relief are widely developed subnival with stone placers and snowfields. Herbaceous plants there are extremely few, common mosses and lichens.
In the ephemeral desert foothills, semi-deserts and dry steppes above shifting shrubs and woodlands.
In the highlands, home to mountain goat teke, mountain sheep argali, leopard, stone marten, red wolf, gray and red mountain marmots. In the forest belt of mountainous common deer, wolves, weasels, wild boar, lynx, brown bear, fox, marten. For the steppe foothills and adjacent plains area is characterized by numerous species of rodents, including yellow, gopher, great coney, red-tailed gerbil, various reptiles of ungulates - gazelle, birds - partridge, bustard, etc.
Yurt - the traditional dwelling Kirghiz - nomads, is in itself a masterpiece of applied art. The shape and the interior decoration is impossible to find two identically decorated yurts, although their design has always seen the ability to maintain certain standards of secular and folk traditions.
Exotic objects of nomadic life, are the various vessels, cases made of leather. This spacious Saba - it produced mare mare's milk), it chanach - it was transported mare is kookor similar to the unit in which the mare was fed to the guests. All these objects were decorated with embossed, embroidered metallic ribbons and colored skin.
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